Occupational health and safety

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Please read 1 and 2 and formulate a well thought of and planned question for each. Number 3 request that you answe the question instead of formulating one. It doesnt have to be too long.

Make sure that the questions and answers are thorough.  I don’t want to see one line questions or questions that require a yes or no answer or just the opinion of the student.  I want to see some research and thought put into the questions and answers as they are worth 50% of the assignment.


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1) Question2 Identify and discuss the three (3) components of WHMIS 1998.

The three components of WHMIS are:

  1. Labels:

That controlled substances need labeling is the most purpose of WHMIS program. There are two types of WHMIS: workplace labels and supplier labels. Workplace labels identify the WHMIS class of the martial. There six WHMIS class as follows:

Class A – Compressed Gas

Class B – Flammable and Combustible Material

Division 1: Flammable Gas

Division 2: Flammable Liquid

Division 3: Combustible Liquid

Division 4: Flammable Solid

Division 5: Flammable Aerosol

Division 6: Reactive Flammable Material

Class C – Oxidizing Material

Class D – Poisonous and Infectious Material

Division 1: Materials causing immediate and serious toxic effects

Subdivision A: Very toxic material

Subdivision B: Toxic material

Division 2: Materials causing other toxic effects

Subdivision A: Very toxic material

Subdivision B: Toxic material

Division 3: Biohazards Infection Material

Class E – Corrosive material

Class F – Dangerously reactive material

  1. Material Safety Data Sheets 

The objective of safety data information is to identify potential harmful ingredients in products that the worker may be handling, to identify information about the nature of harmful ingredients, and to provide guidance in the use and disposal of the product.

The MSDS provide the important information about the hazardous products Act, s11(1), and the controlled products regulations, ss.12 and 13. The information has to be up to date.

  1. Training 

Education in WHMIS is generally define as the process of acquiring knowledge through instructions, is teaching the worker about how to deal with hazardous material and how to deal with it properly.

These are the three component of the WHMIS which are Labels, MSDS, and Training .


Text book occupational health and safety part1 chapter2 pg 36 -43


2) Question #4:


When a worker does not wear PPE or wears it incorrectly, who is responsible? The company? The individual? Why?  Explain your answer.

On the surface when one looks at this question and scenario many people might say that it’s the worker’s own fault if they get hurt for not wearing their Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) or wearing it incorrectly.  I beg to differ and I hope to explain why in the coming paragraphs.

In order to understand who would be responsible in this scenario, it is essential to know what the law says as Occupational Health and Safety professionals because it is our duty to know and interpret the law pertaining to Health and Safety and to ensure that it is followed and all aspects of the workplace are in compliance.  If you refer to the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Section 25 (1)(2), it will outline several employer duties that I will later reference.

To begin the discussion, I will state that I personally believe that given the question and scenario provided for this Mid Term Discussion Assignment, the employer is the one who is responsible if/when a worker does not wear PPE or wears it incorrectly.  Let’s say that the Ministry of Labour (MOL) inspects your workplace, discovers the scenario outlined in this assignment question, and decides to write an order.  Would the order go to the worker?  Would the order go to the supervisor?  I’m quite confident that Ministry orders in this case would go directly to the employer.  The MOL would be pulling the employer aside and asking “Why is that worker not wearing their PPE?”, “Why is that worker wearing their PPE incorrectly?” and requiring the employer to demonstrate to them that they have established policies, procedures and training in the proper use of PPE in place.  If the employer cannot demonstrate this, then orders and quite possibly fines (likely rare unless they are a repeat offender) would be issued to the employer and not the worker.

If the employee was wearing their PPE incorrectly, was it because they didn’t know how?  Were they ever trained to know how to use it?  The employer must ensure this by Section 25 (2)(a) where it states that the employer must “provide information, instruction and supervision to a worker to protect the health and safety of the worker,”; therefore, if they never had training or information on how to wear it properly, an order could come down requiring a training program for PPE.  Were they wearing it incorrectly or not at all because of a lack of competent supervision?  Again, the employer is responsible to appoint a competent person as a supervisor according to Section 25(2)(c) of the Act along with Section 25 (2)(a), and an order could come from the Ministry requiring that a “competent supervisor” be appointed.  What if the worker was not wearing PPE at all, was it because they didn’t have it with them?  Again, the employer shall ensure that “the equipment, materials and protective devices as prescribed are provided” (25. (1)(a)).  And above all else, the general duty clause, Section 25 (2)(h) of “take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of the worker”.

Although the worker and supervisor both have responsibilities of their own according to the Act, all of this can be solved with an employer who takes Health and Safety seriously and incorporates into the culture of their workplace by providing the information, by providing the training, by having good supervision and encouraging participation from the work force.  This will reduce the likelihood of this type of scenario from even happening in the first place hence why I feel the responsibility lies with the employer.

3) Answer this question: Can you provide me with 3 workplace environments as well as the associated possible hazards where routes of chemical entry would pose a threat.
How could employees working in these environments defend themselves from the hazards you mention?

Please include:

3 environments (workplaces / job titles)

3 hazards

3 precautions (defences)

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