Project Management – Chapter 3 Multiple Choice Quiz

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1
Organizational culture is best explained as organizational
A)
Personality
B)
Hierarchy
C)
Reporting relationships
D)
Background
E)
Management style

2
Which of the following is NOT true of project management structures?
A)
They provide a framework for launching and implementing projects
B)
They appropriately balance the needs of both the parent organization and the project
C)
In selecting a management structure, the culture of the organization is not a huge consideration
D)
The project itself should be considered when determining which structure is best
E)
They help determine who has most authority in regard to managing the project

3
All of the following are disadvantages of organizing projects within a matrix arrangement EXCEPT
A)
Dysfunctional conflict between functional managers and project managers
B)
Expensive
C)
Infighting
D)
Stressful
E)
Longer project duration

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4
Bill is working on a project involving the upgrading of a management information system. The project is being managed by the information systems department with the coordination of other departments occurring through normal channels. He is working in _________
A)
Functional
B)
Balanced matrix
C)
Weak matrix
D)
Strong matrix
E)
Projectized

5
Which of the following is a disadvantage of a projectized organization?
A)
It is expensive
B)
Longer project duration
C)
Poor integration
D)
High complexity
E)
Lack of focus on the project

6
A project team that operates with a full-time project manager as a separate unit from the rest of the organization is structured using ________ organization.
A)
Functional
B)
Balanced matrix
C)
Weak matrix
D)
Strong matrix
E)
Projectized

7
All of the following are organizational considerations when determining the right project management structure EXCEPT
A)
How important project management is to the success of the organization?
B)
What percentage of core work involves projects?
C)
Resource availability
D)
Assess current practices and determine any changes that are needed to more effectively manage projects.
E)
Budget constraints

8
Which are the three different matrix systems discussed in the text?
A)
Functional, Weak, Strong
B)
Balanced, Functional, Projectized
C)
Weak, Strong, Balanced
D)
Neutral, Weak, Strong
E)
Functional, Neutral, Projectized

9
In which of the following is the balance of authority strongly in favor of the functional managers?
A)
Weak matrix
B)
Balanced matrix
C)
Strong matrix
D)
Matrix
E)
Neutral matrix

10
All of the following are functions culture plays in an organization EXCEPT
A)
It provides a sense of identity
B)
It helps legitimize the management system
C)
It replaces the need for a project selection process
D)
It helps create social order
E)
It clarifies and reinforces standards of behavior

11
How does someone learn more about an organization’s culture?
A)
Read about the organization
B)
Interpret stories about the organization
C)
Observe how people interact within the organization
D)
Study the physical characteristics of the organization
E)
All of these are examples of how someone can learn more about an organization’s culture

12
From the list below, which is NOT a primary characteristic of organizational culture?
A)
Control
B)
Team emphasis
C)
Profitability
D)
Conflict tolerance
E)
Risk tolerance

13
Which of the following cultural characteristic relates to the degree to which rules, policies, and direct supervision are used to oversee and control employee behavior?
A)
Member identity
B)
Team emphasis
C)
Managerial focus
D)
Unit integration
E)
Control

14
Which of the following cultural characteristics relates to the degree to which groups within the organization are encouraged to operate in a coordinated or independent manner?
A)
Member identity
B)
Team emphasis
C)
Managerial focus
D)
Unit integration
E)
Control

15
Which of the following cultural characteristics relates to the degree to which management focuses on outcomes rather than on techniques and processes used to achieve those outcomes?
A)
Risk tolerance
B)
Reward criteria
C)
Conflict tolerance
D)
Means versus end orientation
E)
Open-systems focus

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