. exercise intolerance and painful muscle cramps. fasciculations of the upper and lower extremity muscles. burning or gnawing pain at tender points and profound fatigue. Question 2 0 / 2 pts What is the diagnosis of a person who has tennis elbow characterized by tissue degeneration or irritation of the extensor carpi brevis tendon? Bursitis Lateral epicondylitis Lateral tendinitis Medial tendinitis Question 3 2 / 2 pts _____ is the temporary displacement of two bones in which the bone surfaces partially lose contact. Nonunion Dislocation Subluxation Malunion Question 4 2 / 2 pts In ankylosing spondylitis, the CD8+ T cells are presented with which of the following antigens? Tendons Synovium Cartilage Ligaments Question 5 2 / 2 pts What causes the crystallization within the synovial fluid of the joint affected by gouty arthritis? Overproduction of uric acid Increase in the glycosaminoglycan levels Reduced excretion of purines Overproduction of proteoglycans Question 6 2 / 2 pts _____ is a chronic inflammatory joint disease characterized by stiffening and fusion of the spine and sacroiliac joints. Paget disease Fibromyalgia Ankylosing spondylitis Rheumatoid arthritis Question 7 2 / 2 pts Rhabdomyolysis is characterized by lysis of skeletal muscle cells through the initiation of the complement cascade. smooth muscle degeneration resulting from ischemia. paralysis of skeletal muscles resulting from impaired nerve supply. release of myoglobin from damaged striated muscle cells. Question 8 0 / 2 pts An insufficient dietary intake of vitamin _____ can lead to rickets in children. D B12 B6 C Question 9 2 / 2 pts Which protein, absent in muscle cells of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, mediates the anchoring of skeletal muscles fibers to the basement membrane? Syntrophin Dystrophin Laminin Troponin Question 10 2 / 2 pts Ewing sarcoma arises from embryonal osteocytes. metadiaphysis of long bones. bone-producing mesenchymal cells. bone marrow. Question 11 2 / 2 pts Osteochondrosis is caused by a(n) bacterial infection of the bone. nutritional deficiency of calcium and phosphorus. imbalance between calcitonin and parathyroid hormone. vascular impairment and trauma to bone. Question 12 2 / 2 pts Molecular analysis has demonstrated that osteosarcoma is associated with TP53. myc. TSC2. src. Question 13 2 / 2 pts The pain experienced in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is referred to as involving elbows and upper and lower arms and is described as a continuous ache and relieved by anti-inflammatory drugs. knees, inner thighs, and groin and is described as a continuous ache and relieved by anti-inflammatory drugs. knees, inner thighs, and groin that is aggravated by activity and relieved by rest. elbows and upper and lower arms that is aggravated by activity and relieved by rest. Question 14 2 / 2 pts Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is likely inherited from one’s father. mother. affected parent. maternal lineage. Question 15 2 / 2 pts The total mass of muscle in the body can be estimated from which serum laboratory test value? Creatine Blood urea nitrogen Albumin Creatinine Question 16 2 / 2 pts Cutaneous vasculitis develops from the deposit of _____ in small blood vessels as a toxic response allergen. T lymphocytes immune complexes complement IgE Question 17 2 / 2 pts Which cells of the dermis secrete connective tissue matrix? Fibroblasts Macrophages Histiocytes Mast cells Question 18 2 / 2 pts Which malignancy is characterized by slow-growing lesions that usually have depressed centers and rolled borders and are frequently located on the face and neck? Squamous cell carcinoma Kaposi sarcoma Malignant melanoma Basal cell carcinoma Question 19 2 / 2 pts Keloids are sharply elevated, irregularly shaped, progressively enlarging scars caused by excessive amounts of _____ in the corneum during connective tissue repair. reticular fibers collagen elastin stroma Question 20 2 / 2 pts _____ of the epidermis initiate immune responses and provide defense against environmental antigens. Melanocytes Keratinocytes Merkel cells Langerhans cells Question 21 2 / 2 pts Thrush is a superficial infection that commonly occurs in children and is caused by Candida albicans. Streptococcus. Staphylococcus. herpesvirus. Question 22 2 / 2 pts Which vascular anomaly is a congenital malformation of dermal capillaries that does not fade with age? Cavernous hemangioma Port-wine (nevus flammeus) stain Strawberry hemangioma Cutaneous hemangioma Question 23 0 / 2 pts Which of the following viral diseases has an incubation period of 14 to 21 days and a duration of 1 to 4 days? Varicella Rubeola Roseola Rubella Question 24 2 / 2 pts Which clinical manifestation is considered the hallmark of atopic dermatitis? High fever Itching Papular rash Vesicles that burst and form crusts Question 25 2 / 2 pts Which contagious disease creates a primary skin lesion that is a pinpointed macule, papule, or wheal with hemorrhagic puncture site? Rubeola Scabies Pediculosis Tinea capitis]]>
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