What is the difference between a language disorder and a speech disorder?

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Discussions must be at least 250 words and one reference

 

Week 1:

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Discussion 1a:

What is the difference between a language disorder and a speech disorder? Describe two examples of each and describe the implications for learning related to each. Support your response with research.

 

Discussion 1b:

What is an acquired language disorder? What are the challenges and implications for working with individuals who have an acquired language disorder?

 

Assignment: Language Milestone Timeline

Language development is a critical component of students’ academic and social growth. Special educators are often challenged with the responsibility of analyzing language and speech disorders and their implications for learning to appropriately respond to the needs of students with disabilities.

Based on your readings and research on typical language development, identify a minimum of three typical speech and language milestones from birth to age 5, using the “Language Milestone Timeline Chart.”

For each milestone identified, list potential causes of delays, implications for learning for children with those delays, and evidence-based learning strategies that can be used to support and enhance the communication skills of children with those speech and language delays.

Support your findings with a minimum of five scholarly resources.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 2:

 

Discussion 2a:

Describe considerations for directly assessing students’ oral language and phonemic awareness skills. How can you use performance data to identify students who are demonstrating below level literacy skills? Support your response with research.

 

Discussion 2b:

Describe 2-3 listening and speaking activities or strategies teachers could use to help students develop phonemic awareness and develop an understanding about sounds and symbol systems. Why is it important for the teacher to provide opportunities for integrating phonological awareness activities throughout the school day?

 

Assignment: Language Milestone Timeline

Special education teachers must be well versed in using performance data to identify students whose literacy skills are below grade level. Gaining insight into students’ academic strengths and needs will help educators plan appropriate instruction to assist students in making positive academic growth.

Using the “Class Profile,” identify a group of 3-4 elementary students who would benefit from an oral language development or phonemic awareness lesson. Determine a K-2 grade level for your group of fictional students, select an ELA standard from your state related to Oral Language Development or Phonemic Awareness, and then select a corresponding grade-level text appropriate for use in a lesson plan for the determined group. You may use Appendix B of the Common Core English Language Arts Standards to help you determine an appropriate text for the lesson.

With your choices in mind, use the “COE Lesson Plan Template” to design a lesson on oral language development or phonemic awareness, utilizing storytelling, dramatic play, or a read-aloud as an instructional strategy. Thoroughly script the “Multiple Means of Engagement” section, emphasizing the use of questions to access student’s background knowledge and abilities to build new skills and develop common understanding through shared, concrete experiences.

Upon completion of your lesson plan, compose a 250-500 word summary, rationalizing how your instructional decisions help your group students to flourish in the classroom, as opposed to just survive. Be sure to address how you will use your findings in your future professional practice.

 

 

Week 3:

 

Discussion 3a:

Describe at least two pre-reading and two post-reading strategies or learning activities teachers can use to assist elementary students in developing their awareness of sounds and print and to facilitate conversations about books and stories. Rationalize your choices.

 

Discussion 3b:

How can educators make a distinction between literacy delays that are the result of second language acquisition and those that are the result of a language disorder? What are some specific considerations for intervention and assessment for students who are language learners that also have a language disorder?

 

Assignment: Oral Language Development or Phonemic Awareness Lesson Plan

When teaching students to recognize words in print, teachers can use a variety of activities before, during, and after reading to help students understand words, word meanings, and how words go together. Utilizing appropriate strategies that incorporate print concepts will help increase students’ word recognition skills.

Use the “Recognizing Words in Print Template” to complete this assignment.

Part 1: Strategies

Research and summarize, in 250-500 words, a minimum of five strategies for teaching word recognition and print concepts to elementary students with language delays or disabilities. Keep in mind strategies that help students monitor for their own errors. Within your summary, identify the conditions under which the identified strategies are intended to be delivered (e.g., content area, class setting, required resources, if intended for a specific type of disability).

Support your findings with 2-3 scholarly resources.

Part 2: Activities

Identify a small group of 2-3 kindergarten students, using the “Class Profile,” who would benefit from further development of their word recognition or print concepts skills.

Identify a text appropriate to use with the small group identified.

Draft a 250-500 word outline summarizing three activities to reinforce word recognition and print concepts, utilizing the identified text.

Be sure to incorporate at least three of the strategies from Part 1 into your activities.

Part 3: Rationale

In 250-500 words, rationalize your instructional decisions from Part 2. Be sure to explain how the identified strategies and activities enhance the language development of the students in the identified small group. Cite the “Class Profile” where appropriate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 4:

 

Discussion 4a:

Describe assistive technology (AT) or augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) and who benefits from the use of it. In addition, describe current trends in AT or AAC that can be utilized in the classroom. Be specific.

 

Discussion 4b:

The purpose of this course is to learn how to help students develop proficient language and communication skills. How might such proficiency grow or restore a student’s sense of self-worth? How does that affect your instruction, and your relationships with the students you will be teaching?

 

Assignment: Recognizing Words in Print: Strategies and Activities

Assistive technology (AT) is a supplemental resource that may be a mandated requirement for many students with disabilities within their IEPs. In a typical resource room, there are a variety of AT devices that may be incorporated into instruction by the special education teacher.

Research two low tech, two high tech, two augmentative, and two alternative assistive technology devices appropriate for students with previously identified mild to moderate language disabilities.

For each assistive technology device researched, complete the “Assistive Technology Device Matrix Template.”

Support your findings with a minimum of three scholarly resources.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 5:

 

Discussion 5a :

Why do you think it is important to plan when you are going to instruct one or more students who need AT? How do teachers determine key concept vocabulary and action words to include on a device or in pictures to promote engagement during instruction for a given topic?

 

 

Discussion 5b:

How should results from students’ language assessments guide instructional planning decisions related to text complexity and language development tasks?

 

Assignment: Assistive Technology Device Matrix

Understanding the development and individual differences of students with disabilities allows special education teachers to respond appropriately during instruction, utilizing supportive instructional strategies and technologies to meet student needs. Using assistive technologies, such as alternative and augmentative communication systems, to support instructional assessment, planning, and delivery, is essential to the language development and communication of students with disabilities.

Read the case study below to inform the assignment.

Case Study: Stephanie

Grade: 5th

Age: 10

Stephanie is a fifth grade student who is intellectually disabled and also has a severe language disorder. She is 10-years-old and spends a great portion of her day in self-contained settings. She receives speech therapy from a speech pathologist for a minimum of 30 minutes, four days a week. The rest of the time her language needs are supported by the special education teacher. She does attend a general education fifth grade classroom daily for 60 minutes for English language arts instruction, per her parent’s request. An instructional assistant accompanies her to class.

Stephanie’s oral expression skills are in the below average range. She struggles with oral expression speech, expressive language, and meanings of words. Her speech is limited and she usually has poor decoding and reading comprehension skills. Her reading level is at a low first grade level, reading simple stories with a Lexile level of 275-400. Her favorite book is If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura Numeroff. Stephanie writes very little and relies on the Picture Exchange System as her primary form of communication.

Stephanie attends the fifth grade English language arts class for exposure to more appropriate grade level content and socialization. She requires frequent breaks and one-on-one support from an assistant when participating in the general education setting. The special education teacher and assistant work with the general education teacher and follow the modified curriculum from the state department of education.

For standardized grade-level testing, Stephanie participates in the yearly Alternate Assessment. The assessment is administered orally by the teacher and a proctor is present. The assessment is multiple choice and the administrator can accept eye gazing, finger pointing, and verbal responses to answer questions. The assessment is not timed and the teacher can apply the 10 response rule: If the student does not respond after 10 questions, the teacher can end the assessment.

Assignment: Language Disabilities and Assistive Technology Unit Plan

 

Use the “ELA Mini-Unit Template” to complete this assignment.

Part 1: Student Goal

Write a measurable reading comprehension goal for Stephanie’s IEP. Within the goal, incorporate an alternative and augmentative communication system to support her communication and learning.

Part 2: Mini-Unit

Compose a mini-unit of three ELA lesson plans for the general education classroom that incorporates your ELA standards for teaching reading comprehension to fifth graders.

For each lesson plan include differentiated activities and assessments for Stephanie that use the AAC system identified in Part 1 to allow her to access the curriculum and address her measurable IEP goal.

Part 3: Rationale

Provide a 250-500 word rationale that explains how your mini-unit instructional choices are developmentally appropriate for teaching the content standards, and how the differentiated activities and assessment will allow Stephanie to meet her goal and fully access the curriculum. Address how your accommodations and differentiation create a supportive learning environment that encourages self-advocacy, increases independence, and emphasizes safe and ethical use of information and technology for Stephanie.

Support your rationale with 2-3 scholarly resources on best practices regarding semantics/language disorders and the use of assistive technology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 6:

 

Discussion 6a:

How do challenges with reading comprehension affect the adolescent student’s attitude, emotions, and feelings about reading? According to research, how can addressing these areas help adolescents improve their reading skills? Identify 2-3 examples of how to address these areas in the classroom.

 

 

Discussion 6b:

Referring to this topic’s readings, discuss some pre-reading activities, activities to use during reading, and activities to use after reading to promote vocabulary and reading comprehension when working with adolescents.

 

 

Assignment: Reading Comprehension: Strategies and Activities

When teaching students to comprehend and summarize text, teachers can use a variety of activities before, during, and after reading to help students understand elements within a plot. Utilizing appropriate strategies that incorporate summarizing skills helps to increase students’ reading comprehension skills.

Use the “Reading Comprehension Template” to complete this assignment.

Part 1: Strategies

Research and summarize, in 250-500 words, a minimum of five strategies for teaching adolescent students with deficits in their reading comprehension skills. Identify the conditions under which the chosen strategies are intended to be delivered (e.g., content area, class setting, required resources, if intended for a specific type of disability).

Support your findings with 2-3 scholarly resources.

Part 2: Activity

Identify a group of 2-3 eighth grade students, using the “Class Profile,” who would benefit from additional instruction on reading comprehension skills.

Identify a text appropriate to use with the small group identified. You may use Appendix B of the Common Core English Language Arts Standards to help you determine an appropriate text for the lesson.

Draft a 250-500 word outline summarizing three activities to reinforce reading comprehension and summarizing skills, utilizing the identified text. Incorporate at least three of the strategies from Part 1 into your activities.

Part 3: Rationale

In 250-500 words, rationalize your instructional decisions in Part 2 of this assignment. Explain how the identified strategies and activities enhance the language development of adolescents with deficits in their reading comprehension skills. Cite the “Class Profile” where appropriate.

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